Conditions & Treatments

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

When the thyroid gland forms embryologically, it begins at the base of the tongue and moves down the neck through a canal called the thyroglossal duct. This duct normally disappears once the thyroid reaches its correct position. However, occasionally, segments of the duct remain causing the formation of these cysts. It is usually found in preschool-aged children or during mid-adolescence.


  • Soft, round mass in the center front of the neck 
  • Tenderness, redness, and swelling of the mass, if infected 
  • Small opening in the skin near the mass with or without drainage 
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing 


  • Antibiotics if infection is present
  • Surgical removal
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Willis Knighton Health